Pediatric Hematology and Oncology - Apollo Hospitals

Pediatric Hematology and Oncology – Apollo Hospitals

Pediatric hematology and oncology is a branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of children with broad array of blood disorders including both cancerous and non-cancerous conditions.

Blood disorders are common in children. They can affect the child’s quality-of-life and also can be life-threatening.

What are pediatric blood disorders?

What are pediatric blood disorders

Pediatric blood disorders represents a wide array of blood disorders typically seen in infants, children, and adolescents. Mostly blood disorders are caused by another condition and treating that underlying condition can cure the blood disease. Most common types of blood disorders seen in children include:

  • Anemia such as Iron Deficiency Anemia (caused by lack of iron in your child’s diet), Sickle cell disease (A group of disorders that cause red blood cells to become misshapen and break down), and Aplastic Anemia (a condition in which bone marrow doesn’t make enough blood cells)
  • Bleeding disorders such as Haemophilia (excessive bleeding occurs after any injury or damage) and Von Willebrand’s disease (bleeding disorder caused by low levels of clotting protein in the blood)
  • Thalassemia (blood disorder involving lower-than-normal amounts of an oxygen-carrying protein)
  • Blood cancers, such as leukemia, lymphoma, and myeloma
Pediatric Hematology and Oncology

What are the signs of blood disorders in children?

Symptoms vary depending on the type of blood disorder.

However, common signs and symptoms of blood disorders which can be seen include:

  • Fatigue
  • Fever
  • Dizziness
  • Unusual bleeding
  • Shortness of breath
  • Headache
  • Bone discomfort
  • Slow growth
What are the signs of blood disorders in children?

What are the causes of pediatric blood disorders?

Pediatric blood disorders can be inherited and caused by genetic mutations. Having a family history of blood disorders such as blood cancers, thalassemia, or sickle cell disease can put your child at-risk. Some disorders can be a result of other diseases, medications, or lack of nutrients in your child’s diet.

How can we treat pediatric blood disorder?

How can we treat pediatric blood disorder?

The treatment of blood disorders is determined by the type of disorder, symptoms, underlying cause, and the overall health of the child.

Treating Anemia:

Vitamin and nutritional treatments, drugs that stimulate red blood cell count, and antibodies are possible treatments for anemia. Blood transfusions may be needed in extreme cases to quickly restore red blood cells. Aplastic anemia may need a bone marrow transplant.

Treating Bleeding Disorders: Treatment depends on the cause of bleeding. In general, blood transfusions of platelets or clotting factors are given to prevent bleeding.

Treating Clotting Disorders: Anticoagulants or blood thinners and thrombolytics are used to treat clotting disorders. They block the formation and growth of blood clots or break- down the existing clots.

Treating Blood Cancer:

Chemotherapy, radiation therapy. targeted therapy, and biologics may be used to treat blood disorders. In some cases, a bone marrow transplant or a stem cell transplant is an option.

Department of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology

The Department of Paediatric Haematology and Oncology treats children with blood disorders and cancer & comprises of leading consultants ably supported by junior staff.

Services Offered:

Treatment of children with blood disorders like anaemia and bleeding problems like haemophilia. Lead areas of service includes therapy of children with thalassemia major, sickle cell anaemia and children with recurrent infections suspected to have primary immune deficiency disorders.

These children are seen in our speciality clinic and are offered diagnostic services including molecular work up and complete treatment including curative Bone marrow transplantation all under one roof.

Cancer in children is curable and this message of hope is what we endeavor to give to every single child referred for management under our care.

We work as a team with diagnostic services and have access to PET CT and specialist Histopathologists, Haematopathologists, Paediatric Intensivists, Paediatric Oncosurgeons and radiation oncologists to provide optimal care for children with cancer.

Bone transplantation offers the only chance of cure for patients with difficult blood cancers, primary immunodeficiency and thalassemia major. The team performs paediatric transplants with excellent outcomes.

For appointments:

WhatsApp: +254 748 830976 / +254 789 150890

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