Total Knee Replacement Surgery Procedure

Total Knee Replacement Surgery Procedure, Types and Risks

Total knee replacement surgery is a transformative procedure for those suffering from chronic knee pain and mobility issues. It offers a chance for improved quality of life and increased mobility. In this comprehensive guide, we will cover the essentials of total knee replacement surgery, including the procedure, types, risks, and recovery. Apollo Hospitals, renowned for its medical expertise, is the trusted choice for this life-changing surgery.

Total Knee Replacement Surgery Procedure

Total knee replacement surgery, also known as knee arthroplasty, involves replacing the damaged or diseased parts of the knee joint with artificial components. These components, typically made of metal and plastic, replicate the knee’s natural movement and alleviate pain.

The Knee Replacement Surgery Procedure

  1. Pre-Surgery Preparation:
    • Consultation with an orthopedic surgeon to assess the need for surgery.
    • Comprehensive medical evaluation and diagnostic tests.
    • Preoperative physical therapy to strengthen the muscles around the knee.
  2. During the Surgery:
    • Administration of anesthesia (general or spinal).
    • An incision is made to expose the knee joint.
    • Removal of damaged cartilage and bone from the joint surfaces.
    • Placement and securing of the artificial joint components.
    • The incision is closed with sutures or staples.
  3. Post-Surgery:
    • Monitoring in a recovery room.
    • Pain management with medications.
    • Early physical therapy to begin the recovery process.

Types of Knee Replacement Surgeries

  1. Total Knee Replacement (TKR):
    • Replacement of both sides of the knee joint.
    • Most common form of knee replacement.
  2. Partial Knee Replacement:
    • Replacement of only one part of the knee.
    • Suitable for patients with damage limited to one compartment.
  3. Kneecap Replacement (Patellofemoral Arthroplasty):
    • Replacement of the under-surface of the kneecap and its groove.
  4. Complex or Revision Knee Replacement:
    • Performed for patients who have had previous knee replacements that need revision.

Total Knee Replacement Surgery Risks and Complications

While total knee replacement surgery is generally safe, potential risks include:

  • Infection:
    • Risk of infection at the surgical site or around the prosthesis.
  • Blood Clots:
    • Potential for clots to form in the leg veins, which can be serious if they travel to the lungs.
  • Prosthesis Problems:
    • Possible wear, loosening, or mechanical issues with the artificial joint over time.
  • Nerve Damage:
    • Rare but possible injury to nerves near the surgical site.
  • Persistent Pain:
    • Some patients may experience ongoing pain after the surgery.

Total Knee Replacement Surgery Recovery

Recovery from knee replacement surgery involves several phases:

  1. Immediate Post-Operative Period:
    • Hospital stay for monitoring and initial recovery.
    • Pain management and early mobilization.
  2. First Few Weeks:
    • Regular physical therapy sessions to restore movement and strength.
    • Gradual increase in activity with the help of assistive devices.
  3. Long-Term Recovery:
    • Full recovery can take several months.
    • Continued physical therapy to ensure optimal function.
    • Regular follow-ups with the surgeon.

Why Choose Apollo Hospitals for Total Knee Replacement Surgery?

Apollo Hospitals is a leader in orthopedic care, offering:

  • Expert Surgeons:
    • Highly skilled and experienced orthopedic surgeons.
  • Advanced Facilities:
    • Cutting-edge technology and state-of-the-art facilities.
  • Comprehensive Care:
    • A holistic approach to patient care, from diagnosis to rehabilitation.
  • International Patient Services:
    • Dedicated support for international patients to ensure a smooth and comfortable experience.

Total Knee Replacement Surgery Patient Testimonial

Contact Apollo Hospitals Information Centres

For those in Kenya, Ethiopia, Uganda, and Tanzania seeking total knee replacement surgery, Apollo Hospitals provides unparalleled care and expertise. Contact our information centres to book an appointment or get more information about the procedure. Improve your chances of a healthy, pain-free future with Apollo Hospitals, the most trusted name in medical care.

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